India launches the country’s most complex and prestigious ever mission, Chandrayaan-2, early morning tomorrow. The country’s most powerful booster ever, GSLV-Mark-Three, will lift off at 2:51 am on Monday from the second launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, carrying the spacecraft.
The 640-ton rocket will initially place Chandrayaan-2 in a highly elliptical transfer orbit it, from where it will be taken gradually to the moon by the scientists of Indian Space Research Organization ISRO through remote means.
On September 7th, the 54th day since the launch, the lander Vikram is expected to come out of the orbiter of Chandrayaan-2 and set its foot on the moon by soft landing at the lunar South Pole. Later, the six-wheeled rover Pragyaan will be unleashed from the lander to move around the landing site and explore the terrain and collect valuable information.
All the information collected by the rover and the lander will be initially transmitted to the orbiter, which will send it back to the earth. The orbiter will have a mission life of one year and will be encircling the moon on a circular orbit of 100-kilometre distance. The lander and the rover will collect data for a lunar day, which is about fourteen days on earth. (AIR)